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Human Movement, Sport, & Leisure Studies: APA Style

Lists of databases, reference books, and Internet resources that might be useful in researching the various curriculum areas within the School of Human Movement, Sport, and Leisure Studies.

Basic Journal/Magazine Article Citation

Author's Last Name, Author's First Initial. Author's Middle Initial. (Year, Month/Date/Season). Title of article. Title of Journal/Magazine,                          Volume(Issue), Page(s). https://doi:xx.xxxxxxx

(Note: Not every article will have a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number in the reference citation. The DOI is an alphanumeric string that is assigned to some electronic articles, and if it appears in the citation information for an article you are citing from an electronic source, it should be included. Reference citations without a DOI will look the same as the example citation above, but without "doi:xx.xxxxxxxx". If no DOI is assigned to an article, but you retrieved the article online, be sure to include the URL for the page where you found the article, using the following format: Retrieved from

Example Journal article, one author

Sutherland, M. B. (2000, May). Problems of diversity in policy and practice: Celtic languages in the United Kingdom. Comparative 

          Education, 36(2),199-209.

Example Journal article, 3 to 6 authors

List all authors up to 20, with the ampersand (&) used between the last two authors. If 21 authors are listed, list up to 19, ellipsis and no ampersand before the last author. 

Kennedy, L. F., & Yavuz, M. S. (2019). Metal and musicology. Metal Music Studies, 5(3), 293-296.

Example Magazine article

Elmer-DeWitt, P., & Farley, C. J. (1994, March 21). People who eat Hostess Twinkies. Time, 143(12), 22.

Basic Newspaper Citation

Newspaper article with an author

Schultz, S. (2005, December). Calls made to strengthen state energy policies. The Country Today, 1A, 2A.

No Author

Title of the article. (Year, Month, Day). Title of the article. Title of The Newspaper or News Website, (Page(s) if print). URL of the article if online

(Note: The reference citations above refer to newspaper articles from a print source. If the article you found is from a newspaper, but you found the article online, place a period after the Title of Newspaper, and then type the URL where you found the article, using the format: Retrieved from Give the URL of the newspaper home page when the online version of the article can be located using a search box on the newspaper home page).

In-Text Citations

For an overview of the various ways to cite information in text in APA style, see the Purdue OWL, which provides an overview of the basic in text citation formats.