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APA: Citing Periodicals

Basic Journal/Magazine Article Citation

Author's Last Name, Author's First Initial. Author's Middle Initial. (Year, Month/Date/Season). Title of article. Title of Journal/Magazine,                          Volume(Issue), Page(s). doi:xx.xxxxxxx

(Note: Not every article will have a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number in the reference citation. The DOI is an alphanumeric string that is assigned to some electronic articles, and if it appears in the citation information for an article you are citing from an electronic source, it should be included. Reference citations without a DOI will look the same as the example citation above, but without "doi:xx.xxxxxxxx". If no DOI is assigned to an article, but you retrieved the article online, be sure to include the URL for the page where you found the article, using the following format: Retrieved from

Example Journal article, one author


Sutherland, M. B. (2000, May). Problems of diversity in policy and practice: Celtic languages in the United Kingdom. Comparative Education, 36(2),         199-209. doi:10.1080/03050060050045363.

Example Journal article, 3 to 6 authors

Gubbins, H., O'Halloran, S., Kearney, D., Dore, A., Magner, E., & Murphy, E. (2007, June). A forum for the practice of musicology in Ireland. British         Postgraduate Musicology, 9, 5.

Example Magazine article

Elmer-DeWitt, P., & Farley, C. J. (1994, March 21). People who eat Hostess Twinkies. Time, 143(12), 22.

Basic Newspaper Citation

No Author:

Title of article. (Year, Month Day). Title of Newspaper, Page.

One Author:

Author's Last Name, Author's First Initial. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper, Page(s).

(Note: The reference citations above refer to newspaper articles from a print source. If the article you found is from a newspaper, but you found the article online, place a period after the Title of Newspaper, and then type the URL where you found the article, using the format: Retrieved from Give the URL of the newspaper home page when the online version of the article can be located using a search box on the newspaper home page).

Example Newspaper article, no author

Wait till ice cream trucks get wind of this. (2007, November 21). The New York
, p. F2.

Example Online Newspaper article, 1 author

Kelley, T. (2000, March 23). Twinkie strike afflicts fans with snack famine. The New York Times. Retrieved from


In-Text Citations

For an overview of the various ways to cite information in text in APA style, see the Purdue OWL, which provides an overview of the basic in text citation formats.