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Lyceums and Chautauquas: Bibliographies

Chautauqua Institution

  • "Chautauqua." Lend A Hand October 1894: 270-284.(+)
    - Successes of C.L.S.C. groups around the country.
  • "Chautauqua: $158,000 Saves Five-Ring Circus of Culture." Newsweek 4 (18 August 1934): 35.(+)
    - Continuance of Chautauqua Institu tion under adverse conditions.
  • "Chautauqua: A 55+ Learning Experience." Aging 319/320 (July/August 1981): 43.(+)
    - Weekend program at Chautauqua Institution for people over 55.
  • "Chautauqua at 100." Newsweek 84 (2 September 1974): 73.(+)- Chautauqua Institution as cultural oasis.
  • Chautauqua County Beautiful Vacationland . Mayville, NT: Chautauqua County Board of Supervisors, 195?.
  • "Chautauqua in a Nutshell." Literary Digest 8 October 1921: 27-28.
    - American Chautauquas from a Britisher's perspective.
  • "Chautauqua Institution, Chautauqua, New York." Better Homes and Gardens 55 (April 1977): 200+.(+)- Chautauqua Institution as a viable summer vacation spot.
  • "Chautauqua Life '59." Newsweek 54 (27 July 1959): 80.(+)- Offerings of Chautauqua Institution's programming.
  • "Cultural Village that Blossoms Every Summer." Smithsonian June 1981.(SCI)
  • "Culture Pays Off." Business Week 23 (September 1944): 52-54.
    - Strategies that reinvigorated Chautauqua Institution after the depression.
  • "The Evolution of the Chautauqua System." Review of Reviews August 1895: 216-217.
    - Profiles Vincent's Sunday School and its development into the C.L.S.C. as a way to inculcate the public.
  • Ferguson, Charles W. "Lewis Miller." PTA Magazine 61 (November 1966): 12-14.
    - Profiles the life of Chautauqua's co-founder.
  • Goodspeed, T.W. William Rainey Harper . Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1928.
    - Teacher at Chautauqua Institution who went on to become the first President of the University of Chicago.
  • Gould, Joseph E. The Chautauqua Movement: An Episode in the Continuing American Revolution. New York: State University of New York, 1961.
    - Short book describing the beginnings of Chautauqua, focusing on William Rainey Harper, once president of the University of Chicago. Insights into the similarities between the University of Chicago system and Chautauqua.
  • Hadley, Dorothy Sidenburg. "Oral Interpretation at the Chautauqua Institution and the Chautauqua School of Expression, 1874-1900. " PhD Dissertation. Northwestern University, 1956.
  • Hale, Edward E. "A Record of Progress." Lend A Hand September 1895: 163-167.
    - Benefits of the C.L.S.C.
  • Hurlbut, Jesse L. The Story of Chautauqua . New York: Putnam's, 1921.
    - Reminiscences of Chautauqua's life and history.
  • "In New York State: Culture's Front Porch." Time 2 August 1982.
    - Chautauqua Institution.
  • Kniker, Charles R. "CLSC: a Century of Self-Improvement." Lifelong Learning, the Adult Years 3 (February 1980): 20-23.
    - History and present status of C.L.S.C.
  • Kundell, Linda. "Chautauqua." Travel Holiday 163 (March 1985): 16-18.
    - Chautauqua Institution as vacation area.
  • Morrison, Theodore. Chautauqua: A Center for Education, Religion, and the Arts in America . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974.
    Focuses on Chautauqua Institution: inclusion of many photographs.
  • "Mr. Chautauqua." American Magazine 161 (June 1956): 47.
    - Very brief profile of Ralph McCallister, talent scout for performers at Chautauqua Institution.
  • Mundt, John J. "Chautauqua -- A Tradition for the Future." Change 10 (December 1978/January 1979): 24-25.
    - Chautauqua Institution's past and present focus and purpose.
  • Rogers, Mary Augusta. "The Chautauqua Experience." Gourmet 41 (August 1981): 42+.
    - Brief history of Chautauqua Institution; present description of atmosphere, local restaurant and recipes.
  • Simpson, Jeffrey. "Chautauqua: New York State's Enduring Cultural Community." Architectural Digest 43 (June 1986): 254-258.
    - Interiors and exteriors of Chautauqua homes.
  • . "Utopia by the Lake." American Heritage 23 (August 1972): 76-88.
    - History of Chautauqua Institution.
  • Snyder, Eldon E. "The Modern Chautauquas: Some Theoretical Perspectives." Journal of American Culture 6 (Summer 1983): 15-24.
    - Newer independent Chautauquas as leisure havens, and their use of promotional material.
    - Online version for those affiliated with BGSU
  • Stubblefield, Harold W. "The Idea of Lifelong Learning in the Chautauqua Movement." Adult Education 31 (Summer 1981): 199-208.
  • Vincent, Elizabeth. "Old First Night." New Republic 40 (24 September 1924): 95-97.
  • Vincent, John Heyl. "Chautauqua -- A Popular University." Contemporary Review 51 (May 1887): 725-735.
    - Manifesto-like article about the C.L.S.C. and the Chautauqua Institution written by its co-founder.
  • . . The Chautauqua Movement. Boston, 1886.
    - Personal intentions and mission of Chautauqua; emphasis on spiritual value and values.
  • Weischadle, David E. "Chautauqua: An Experience in Adult Education." Education Digest 34 (January 1969): 47-49.
    - Brief history discussing cultural contribution of Chautauqua Institution.

Independent Chautauquas

Lyceums

  • "The American Lyceym." American Journal of Education 36 (September 1864): 535-558.
    Genealogy of the lyceum: a "Who's Who" in the lyceum movement: includes meeting agendas, meeting minutes, a chronology of meetings and discussions.
  • Baumgartner, A.M. "The Lyceum is My Pulpit: Homiletics in Emerson's Early Lectures." American Literature 34.4 (January 1963).
  • Bode, Carl. The American Lyceum: Town Meeting of the Mind . New York: Oxford University Press, 1956.
  • Braden, Waldo W. "The Lecture Movement: 1840-1860." The Quarterly Journal of Speech 34 (1948): 206-12.
    - A continuation of research on lyceum and lecture movements.
    - Print version is available
  • Grimke, Thomas H. "Lyceums." American Annals of Education V (1835): 197.
    - available online for those affiliated with BGSU
  • Higginson, Thomas Wentworth. "American Audiences." Atlantic Monthly Janurary 1905: 38-44.
    - Lyceum history; character of lyceum lectures and lecturers.
  • Mead, David. Yankee Eloquence in the Middle West: The Ohio Lyceum 1850-1870 . East Lansing, MI: Michigan State College Press, 1951.
    - History of Ohio lyceum movement focusing on the careers of fifteen key speakers.
  • Meeks, L.H. "The Lyceum in the Early West." Indiana Magazine of History 29.2 (June 1933).
  • Moreland, Willis D. Pioneers in Adult Education . Chicago: Nelson-Hall Publishers, 1985.
  • Nye, Russel Blaine. Society and Culture in America, 1830-1860 . New York: Harper, 1974.
    - Brief depiction of lyceums in larger cultural context.
  • Pearson, Paul M. "The Modern Lyceum: Its Growth and Mission." Lippincott's 76 (December 1905): 742-746.
    - Emergence of organized lyceums: lists pay rates of lecturers.
  • White, Trumbull. "Cultivating the Knowledge Crop." New Outlook 165 (June 1935): 25-28.
    - Resurgence of lyceums and lecture groups.

Chautauqua and Lyceums

Tent/Circuit Chautauquas

  • "Adventures of a Chautauqua Entertainer." Literary Digest 20 December 1913: 1235-1237.
    - Recounts story appearing in Collier's Weekly.
  • Albert, Allen D. "The Tents of the Conservative." Scribner's 72 (July 1922): 54-59.
    - Chautauquas as bastions of conservatism, preserving American values and morality.
  • Austin, Mary. "The Town that Doesn't Want Chautauqua." New Republic 47 (7 July 1926): 195-197.
    - Santa Fe's cultural and artisitic objections to accepting another culture of "Chautauqua-Mindedness."
  • Bliven, Bruce. "Mother, Home and Heaven." New Republic 37 (9 January 1924): 172-175.
    - Semi-critical editorial about tent Chautauquas and their operations.
  • Cameron, Kenneth Walter. The Massachusetts Lyceum During the American Renaissance: Materials for the Study of the Oral Tradition in American Letters: Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne and Other New-England Lecturers. Hartford, CT: Transcendental Books, 1969.
    Reprints of Lyceum minutes books.
  • Castle, Marian Johnson. "Chautauqua: The Intellectual Circus." Forum 87 (June 1932): 369-374.
    - First-person account of booking agend for circuit Chautauqua.
  • "Chautauqua as Usual." The Nation 12 July 1917: 33.
    - The war hasn't stopped Chautauqua.
  • "Chautauqua Progress." The Survey 24 April 1920: 146.
    - Changes in Chautauqua from education to entertainment.
  • Devine, Edward T. "Other Towns that Do Not Want Chautauqua -- and Why." New Republic 45 (1 September 1926): 46-7.
    - Letter to the editor.
  • Dickson, Harris. "Barnstorming with the Chautauqua." Collier's 57 (12 August 1916): 12-13+.
    - First-person account of a lecturer's journeys on a Chautauqua circuit.
  • "'Experiences' at Chautauqua." Review of Reviews 7 August 1914: 225-226.
    - Reviews article written in Unpopular Review recounting man's experiences at Chautauqua.
  • Flynn, John T. "This Quaker Professor Entertains Millions of People." American Magazine 102 (September 1926): 58-59+.
    - Profile of Paul M. Pearson, founder and head of the Swarthmore Chautauqua Association tent circuit.
  • Gentile, John S. Cast of One: One-Person Shows from the Chautauqua Platform to the Broadway Stage . Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois press, 1989.
    - Overview of performances.
  • Griffith, Benjamin. "The Piedmont Chautauqua: Henry Grady's Grandiose Scheme." Georgia Historical Quarterly 55 (1971): 254-258.
  • Harrison, Harry P., as told to Karl Detzer. Culture Under Canvas: The Story of Tent Chautauqua . New York: Hastings, 1958.
    - First-hand glimpse of traveling Chautauquas written by a regional circuit manager.
  • Harrison, John Thornton. "Chautauqua in Iowa." Iowa Journal of History 50 (April 1952): 97-122.
    General history of traveling Chautauquas in Iowa.
  • Hedges, R.M. Inventory, Redpath Chautauqua . Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa, 1969.
    - Library's special collection of major bureau archives.
  • Hibschman, Harry. "Chautauqua Pro and Contra." North American Review 225 (May 1928): 597-605.
    - Criticism of Chautauqua's decline due to compromise of making money by entertaining.
  • Horner, Charles. Strike the Tents: The Story of the Chautauqua . Philadelphia: Dorrance & Company, 1954.
    - First-hand account of the Chautauqua movement and tent Chautauqua circuits.
  • MacLaren, Gay. Morally We Roll Along . Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1938.
    - Tent Chautauquas: written by circuit performer.
  • Mason, Gregory. "Chautauqua: Its Technic." American Mercury 1 (March 1924): 274-280.
    - First-hand musings by a tent Chautauqua performer about local audience habits and customs.
  • Mueller, Roland. "The Chautauqua in Winfield, Kansas." Kansas Quarterly 15 (3): 13-31.
    - Comprehensive survey of tent Chautauquas including schedules, routes, etc.
  • Post, Elsy W. "When Chautauquas Hit South Branch." Etude 68 (August 1950): 14-15.
    - Reminiscences of Chautauqua in Iowa.
  • Powell, Lyman P. "The End of a Perfect Day." The Outlook 120 (18 September 1918): 103.
    - Account of a speaker's day on the Chautauqua platform.
    - Only available for those affiliated with BGSU
  • Pringle, Henry F. "Chautauqua in the Jazz Age." American Mercury 16 (January 1929): 85-93.
    - Existence of tent Chautauqua in contemporary film and C=radio.
  • Reynolds, Nydia Jones. "A Historical Study of the Oral Interpretation Activities of the Circuit Chautauqua, 1904-1932." PhD Dissertation, University of Southern California, 1960.
  • "The Secretary of State and the Chautauqua Circuit." The Outlook 105 (27 September 1913): 158-160.
    - Defends Bryans' circuit Chautauqua appearances against popular criticism.
  • Snyder, Eldon E. "The Chautauqua Movement in Popular Culture: A Sociological Analysis." Journal of American Culture 8 (Fall 1985): 79-90.
    - Brief history of general Chautauqua movement.
    - Online version of journal available if affiliated with BGSU
  • Strother, French. "The Great American Forum." The World's Work September 1912: 551-564.
    - Difference between Chautauquas and Lyceums; many pictures.
  • Talley, Truman H. "The Chautauquas -- An American Achievement." The World's Work June 1921: 172-184.
    - Rise of an "American Institution"; working operations.
  • Tarbell, Ida. "A Little Look at the People." Atlantic Monthly May 1917: 602-610.
    - Recollection of life on a 49-stop circuit.
  • Tebbel, John. "Chautauqua: A Nostalgic Salute." Saturday Review 52 (11 January 1969): 122-123.
    - Brief history of the Chautauqua movement.
  • Thompson, Carl D. "Is the Chautauqua a Free Platform?" New Republic 41 (17 December 1924): 86-88.
    - Instances of both censorship and special interests of platform speakers.
  • Tozier, R.B. "A Short Life-History of the Chautauqua." American Journal of Sociology 40 (July 1934): 69-73.
    - Short history of entire Chautauqua movement
  • "The Uplift of Chautauqua Week." Literary Digest 18 (October 1913): 684-685.
    - Importance of Chautauqua to its audiences; vacuity of Bryan's speeches.
  • Walter, Dorothy C. "Chautauqua Week in Lyndonville: A Description Written in 1915." Vermont History 38 (1970).
  • Wiggam, Albert E. "Is the Chautauqua Worthwhile?" Bookman 65 (June 1927): 399-406.
    - Five reasons why Chautauqua enriches a community.