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Bob Marley: Rastafari Movement

Rastafari Timeline

This timeline lists some of the events that shaped the Rastafaian Movement.


  • Aug 17th, 1887: Marcus Garvey's Birthday  

Born in the parish of St. Ann, Jamaica, Marcus Garvey would work to empower blacks from their enslaved mentality.

  • Jul 23rd, 1892: Tafari Makonnen's Birthday  

Tafari Makonnen, also known as Ras (King) Tafari Makonnen, is born to Emperor Menelik II in Ethiopia.

  • Jun 16th, 1898: Leonard Percival Howell's Birthday  

Considered the "first Rastafarian," Howell is born in the Parish of Clarendon, Jamaica. He would eventually travel to various places throughout the world.

  • 1920s: Marcus Garvey Speeches  

During the 1920s, Marcus Garvey is believed to have prophesied the coming of a black African King that would set the people free.

  • 1930s: Leonard P. Howell  

During the 1930s, Leonard P. Howell creates the doctrines that will be the cornerstone of the Rastafarian movement.

  • Nov 2nd, 1930: Tafari Makonnen is Crowned Emperor  

On this date, Ras (King) Tafari Makonnen is crowned the King of Ethiopia and takes the name of Haile Selassie I.

  • Jul 16th, 1931: Ethiopia's First Constitution is Created  

This date commemorates the creation of the first formal written Ethiopian Constitution initiated by Haile Selassie I.

  • Jun 10th, 1940: Marcus Garvey Dies   

Due to failing health, Marcus Garvey dies in London, England.

  • Feb 6th, 1945: Robert Nesta Marley's Birthday  

Also known as Bob Marley, Robert is born in the small village of Nine Miles, in Saint Ann Parish, Jamaica.

  • Apr 24th, 1966: Haile Selassie I Visits Jamaica  

On this date, Haile Selassie I visits Jamaica for the first time. It will be the only time he will ever visit the island of Jamaica.

  • Aug 27th, 1975: Haile Selassie I Dies  

Clouded by controversy, 83-year-old Haile Selassie I dies unexpectedly. Many Rastafarians, and others, believe he was assassinated.

  • 1981: Leonard P. Howell  

Leonard P. Howell dies sometime in February of 1981. There is little information available regarding his death.

  • May 11th, 1981: Bob Marley Dies  

Bob Marley is one of the most prominent and legendary figures in the Rastafarian movement. On this date, Marley succumbs to his fight with malignant melanoma cancer in Miami, Florida.

Image of Haile Selassie I & Marcus Garvey Artwork


Photo Attribution: ImAVeronica

Web Site Links About the Rastafarian Movement

The Rastafari movement was an integral part of Bob Marley's life.  See these links for more information on this religion and lifestyle.

Guide Created By:


This guide was created by Mary Rodriguez-Noble, a MLIS student from Kent State University. The guide was completed as part of her practicum hours.

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