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BGSU University Libraries

HIST 4250: Early National U.S. 1789-1848: Secondary Sources

A guide to BGSU library and Internet resources for researching the United States 1789-1848.

What is a Secondary Source?

Secondary sources offer an analysis or a restatement of primary sources. They often attempt to describe or explain primary sources. Some secondary sources not only analyze primary sources, but use them to argue a contention or to persuade the reader to hold a certain opinion.  Examples of secondary sources include dictionaries, encyclopedias, textbooks, and books and articles that interpret or review research works.

Examples of Secondary Sources

  • Textbook
  • Encyclopedia
  • Dictionary
  • Bibliography
  • Scholarly journal article
  • Scholarly book
  • Almanac